WASHINGTON, D.C. — President Barack Obama granted clemency to 21 individuals, consisting of eight commutations and 13 pardons.

According to a Merriam-Webster dictionary, a commutation is a change of a legal penalty or punishment to a lesser one. A pardon is an act of officially saying that someone who was judged to be guilty of a crime will be allowed to go free and will not be punished.

The President granted commutations to the following eight individuals:

  • Jason Hernandez – McKinney, Texas
    Offense: Conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute and distribute controlled substances; possession with intent to distribute and distribute crack cocaine and methamphetamine; possession with intent to distribute a mixture of methamphetamine and cocaine hydrochloride; distribution of a controlled substance within 1,000 feet of a protected property; establishing a place for manufacture and distribution of controlled substances (Eastern District of Texas)
    Sentence: Life imprisonment; eight years supervised release; $5,000 fine (Oct. 2, 1998)
    Commutation Grant: Prison sentence commuted to 240 months (20 years)
  • Billy Ray Wheelock – Belton, Texas
    Offense: Conspiracy to distribute more than 50 grams of crack cocaine; possession with intent to distribute more than five grams of crack cocaine within 1,000 feet of a school; possession with intent to distribute crack cocaine (Western District of Texas)
    Sentence: Life imprisonment, 10 years supervised release, $3,000 fine (June 9, 1993)
    Commutation Grant: Prison sentence commuted to expire on April 17, 2014
  • Clarence Aaron – Mobile, Ala.
    Offense: Conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute cocaine and cocaine base; possession with intent to distribute cocaine; attempt to possess cocaine with intent to distribute (Southern District of Alabama)
    Sentence: Life imprisonment, five years supervised release (Dec. 10, 1993)
    Commutation Grant: Prison sentence commuted to expire on April 17, 2014
  • Stephanie Yvette George – Pensacola, Fla.
    Offense: Conspiracy to possess cocaine base with intent to distribute (Northern District of Florida)
    Sentence: Life imprisonment, 10 years supervised release (May 5, 1997)
    Commutation Grant: Prison sentence commuted to expire on April 17, 2014
  • Ezell Gilbert – Tampa, Fla.
    Offense: Possession with intent to deliver cocaine base; possession with intent to distribute marijuana (Middle District of Florida)
    Sentence: 292 months imprisonment, five years supervised release (March 25, 1997)
    Commutation Grant: Prison sentence commuted to time already served
  • Helen R. Alexander Gray – Ty Ty, Ga.
    Offense: Conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute cocaine base; possession with intent to distribute cocaine base; possession of a firearm by a convicted felon (Middle District of Georgia)
    Sentence: 240 months imprisonment (Oct. 8, 1996)
    Commutation Grant: Prison sentence commuted to expire on April 17, 2014
  • Ricky Eugene Patterson – Fort Pierce, Fla.
    Offense: Conspiracy to distribute cocaine base; possession with intent to distribute cocaine base (Southern District of Florida)
    Sentence: Life imprisonment, 10 years supervised release (Aug. 3, 1995)
    Commutation Grant: Prison sentence commuted to expire on April 17, 2014
  • Reynolds Allen Wintersmith Jr. – Rockford, Ill.
    Offense: Conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute and distribute cocaine and cocaine base; possession with intent to distribute crack (Northern District of Illinois)
    Sentence: Life imprisonment, five years supervised release, $1,000 fine (Nov. 23, 1994)
    Commutation Grant: Prison sentence commuted to expire on April 17, 2014
 

The President granted pardons to the following 13 individuals:

  • William Ricardo Alvarez – Marietta, Ga.
    Offense: Conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute heroin ; conspiracy to import heroin (District of Puerto Rico)
    Sentence: Time served after nine months imprisonment, four years supervised release (April 30, 1997; amended July 31, 1997)
  • Charlie Lee Davis Jr. – Wetumpka, Ala.
    Offense: Possession with intent to distribute cocaine base; use of a minor to distribute cocaine base (Middle District of Alabama)
    Sentence: 87 months imprisonment, five years supervised release (March 21, 1995)
  • Ronald Eugene Greenwood – Crane, Mo.
    Offense: Conspiracy to violate the Clean Water Act  (District of South Dakota)
    Sentence: Three years probation, conditioned on six months home confinement, 100 hours community service, $5,000 restitution, $1,000 fine (Nov. 18, 1996)
  • Little Joe Hatch, aka Joe Hatch Sr. – Lake Placid, Fla.
    Offense: Possession with intent to distribute marijuana  (Southern District of Florida)
    Sentence: 60 months imprisonment, four years supervised release (May 15, 1990)
  • Martin Alan Hatcher – Foley, Ala.
    Offense: Distribution and possession with intent to distribute marijuana (Southern District of Alabama)
    Sentence: Five years probation (Nov. 9, 1992)
  • Derek James Laliberte – Auburn, Maine
    Offense: Money laundering (District of Maine)
    Sentence: 18 months imprisonment, 2 years supervised release (Oct. 2, 1992; amended May 21, 1993)
  • Alfred J. Mack – Manassas, Va.
    Offense: Unlawful distribution of heroin  (District of Columbia Superior Court)
    Sentence: 18 to 54 months imprisonment (April 5, 1982)
  • Robert Andrew Schindler – Goshen, Va.
    Offense: Conspiracy to commit wire fraud and mail fraud (District of Utah)
    Sentence: Three years' probation, four months' home confinement, $10,000 restitution (May 14, 1996)
  • Willie Shaw Jr. – Myrtle Beach, S.C.
    Offense: Armed bank robbery (District of South Carolina)
    Sentence: 15 years imprisonment (Aug. 7, 1974)
  • Kimberly Lynn Stout, formerly known as Kimberly Lynn Cooley – Bassett, Va.
    Offense: Bank embezzlement; false entries in the books of a lending institution (Western District of Virginia)
    Sentence: One day imprisonment, three years supervised release (including five months home confinement) (Nov. 9, 1993)
  • Bernard Anthony Sutton Jr. – Norfolk, Va.
    Offense: Theft of personal property (Eastern District of Virginia)
    Sentence: Three years probation, $825 restitution, $500 fine (April 4, 1989) 
  • Chris Deann Switzer – Omaha, Neb.
    Offense: Conspiracy to violate narcotics laws (methamphetamine) (District of Nebraska)
    Sentence: Four years probation, conditioned on six months home confinement, 200 hours community service (June 25, 1996)
  • Miles Thomas Wilson – Williamsburg, Ohio
    Offense: Mail fraud (Southern District of Ohio)
    Sentence: Three years probation (July 15, 1981)